Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy
Ovaries are the almond-shaped organs located one on each side of the uterus. Once in a month during menstrual cycle, a follicle forms on ovary. In some cases, if the follicle fails to rupture and release an egg, the fluid stays in the follicle and forms a cyst. In medical terms, we say it an ovarian cyst. These cysts are small fluid-filled sacs that develop on the ovaries.
Patients with these types of cysts usually do not experience any kind of pain, swelling, and abdomen ache. But in some cases women do experience pressure, swelling, pain in the abdomen, pain during intercourse and abnormal or unusually painful periods.
A laparoscopic cystectomy removes only the small ovarian cyst. However, if the cyst is too large or connected to ovarian tissue, our surgeon removes the entire ovary. The procedure is usually done under general anesthesia and a small incision is made below the navel in horizontal or vertical manner. A laparoscope is inserted through this incision to see the inside of your pelvis and abdomen. Carbon dioxide gas is introduced into the abdominal cavity to create more space to work. This technique is usually used to remove small cysts.