Sleeve Gastrectomy

Sleeve Gastrectomy surgery around 2/3 part of the stomach is removed. We remove the “ fundus” which is outer part of the stomach. The “fundus” has a number of functions including a role in the regulation of appetite. We know that at least “Ghrelin” is produced here, this hormone has a major role in appetite regulation and helps in the level of blood that means you feel less hungry. The second metabolic effect is the feeling of fullness of stomach or satiety person gets after a sleeve. This is because the stomach empties quicker and hence stimulates the release of fullness hormones as the food hits the small bowel. These hormones are very important in the way a sleeve works. Some of them are also very important in blood sugar regulation, which may explain the effect on diabetic patients, which helps to improve his metabolic process.

Benefits of the Sleeve Gastrectomy Weight Loss Surgery

  • Reduced stomach volume increases feeling of fullness
  • Does not require disconnecting or reconnecting of the intestines
  • Stomach functions normally allowing most foods to be eaten, just in smaller amounts
  • Stomach portion that produces hunger stimulating hormone (Gherlin) is removed
  • No dumping syndrome due to pyloric portion of stomach is left intact
  • No intestinal bypass and its associated risks
  • Is performed laparoscopically
  • Simpler procedure than the gastric bypass
  • No foreign bodies used as a band surgery

Criteria for undergoing a gastric sleeve surgery

The gastric sleeve surgeon will carefully evaluate the patient’s medical history and health conditions to determine whether he/she is the right candidate to undergo the surgery. The criteria for undergoing gastric sleeve surgery are as follows:

  • If the patient is severely obese with a BMI of more than 35
  • If the patient has a BMI between 30-35 along with co-morbidities like diabetes, sleep apnea, hypertension, heart disease, etc.

The patient should be otherwise healthy enough to undergo surgery and recover from the procedure.